Accessed: March 28, 2018. Mysterious Sinkholes. Corruption, bank failures and loan defaults plagued the government through the mid-1990s. 12Houser, Aimee. In 1522, the country was colonized by the Spanish amid resistance from the region’s indigenous people. Venezuela is a country of striking natural beauty, and one of the most highly-urbanised countries in Latin America. Venezuela boasts a long and storied history. National politics continued to be shaky until Chávez won a 2004 referendum and consolidated his already sweeping power. There were three main groups: the Carib, Arawak, and the Chibcha. It culminated in a coup d’état run by military leaders sponsored by a business lobby, in which Chávez was forced to resign. Hazel Marsh Vice President, Nicolas Maduro, took over the presidential powers and duties for the remainder of Chávez's abbreviated term until presidential elections were held. Two years later Venezuela was the largest oil exporter in the world. By Tim Lambert. Situated along the northern coast where the Caribbean Sea meets the Atlantic Ocean, Venezuela borders Colombia … Facts about its geography, environment, and climate. Venezuela World (blog). Caracas is the capital of Venezuela, located in the very north of the country. Venezuela History Timeline – 20th Century In 1908 Juan Vicente Gomez became dictator of Venezuela and would rule the country for almost 30 years. Tensions in Venezuela rose treacherously during the following dictatorships, exploding in 1945 when Rómulo Betancourt, leader of the left-wing Acción Democrática (AD) party, took control of the government. Reptiles. In 1811, the country became one of the first Spanish-American colonies to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was included as a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia. Chávez condemned stores that raised their prices and acted: The Venezuelan Institute for the Defense of People in Their Access to Goods and Service shut down dozens of stores for price-gouging. Medical Daily. Shooting throughout Caracas claimed more than 20 lives, but the government retained control. 1Anckar, Carsten. Venezuela also has the cheapest gasoline in the world. Accessed: March 26, 2018. Reuters, February 3, 2015. Below is a timeline on how Venezuela’s political crisis has evolved since the death of socialist leader Hugo Chavez, against a backdrop of hyperinflationary economic collapse in the OPEC nation. BBC News, April 12, 2009. Accessed: March 28, 2018. Learn more In history of Latin America: Venezuela With its Caribbean coast, Venezuela had long been in a relatively favourable position in regard to potential availability of markets. 23"With 28,479 Killings, Venezuela Takes Second Spot on World Murder Ranking," translated by Nick Lyne. Venezuela’s highest court is the Supreme Court of Justice. The territory of Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples. In 1499 a Spaniard named Alonso de Ojeda led another expedition to the area. 1821 - … Break out the pisco and enjoy our fun Peru facts to learn everything you ever wanted to know, from the stunning Macchu Picchu to Peru's unique cuisine. Previously an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues. From an official standpoint, most of Venezuela was ruled by Spain from Santo Domingo (present-day capital of the Dominican Republic) until 1717, when it fell under the administration of the newly created viceroyalty of Nueva Granada, with its capital in Bogotá, Colombia. Venezuela grows a lot of coffee and has a strong coffee culture, thanks to the introduction of espresso by Spaniards. It wasn’t that long ago that Venezuela, which possesses the world’s largest crude oil reserves, was a relatively stable democracy with one of Latin America’s fastest-rising economies. Drug-trafficking and crime had increased and Colombian guerrillas had dramatically expanded their operations into Venezuela’s frontier areas. It was a tough rule, but it established a certain political stability and put the weak economy on its feet. "America Sanctioned Venezuela. © 2020 Fact Retriever LLC. "Mapped: The Countries with the Most Guns (No Prizes for Guessing #1)." July 31, 2014. Then It Offered $5 Million in Aid to Harvey Victims." "Church-Goers Roller-Skate to Christmas Mass in Caracas, Venezuela." Most of them were set to work on plantations on the Caribbean coast. Venezuela has the second-highest rate of gun-related deaths in the world (59.13 per 100,000 residents per year). Travel. Chávez came out of the Socialist closet during his second term, further increasing public works and social programs to benefit the poor (bringing basic healthcare to the barrios, for example) and nationalizing the country’s largest telecommunication, cement and steel companies, the majority of its electricity industry and many hotels, recreational and transport facilities. In 1995, Venezuela was forced to devalue the currency by more than 70%. It produces thousands of lightning strikes per hour. Venezuela has the longest coastline in the Caribbean, stretching 1,740 square miles (2,800 square km). Venezuela is experiencing ‘hyperinflation.’ Venezuela is experiencing one of the worst inflation rates … It borders Guyana to the east, Brazil to the south, and Colombia to the west. Among Latin American countries, Venezuela is considered one of the most highly urbanized, as the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital, Caracas, which is also the largest city in Venezuela. Oil Price. Its Caribbean neighbors off the northern coast are Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Curaçao, Upon entering Lago de Maracaibo, the Spaniards saw the local indigenous people living in palafitos (thatched huts on stilts above the water). Interesting Facts About Venezuela – History and General Facts Venezuela means “Little Venice” and is derived from the time when Amerigo Vespucci arrived in the year 1499, it reminded him of Venice, because the houses were built on the water. Basketball is also popular. Electricity Minister Ángel Rodríguez was removed from office over the debacle, but the cabinet shakeup didn’t stop there: In January alone, the Vice-President and Defense Minister, Ramón Carrizalez, and his wife, Environment Minister Yubirí Ortega; and the Minister for Public Banking, Eugenio Vásquez Orellana, all resigned. Coffee is the most common beverage in the country and is always offered to guests. The period that followed was an almost uninterrupted chain of civil wars that was only stopped by another long-lived dictator, General Antonio Guzmán Blanco (1870–88). May 21, 2016. 14Marx, Gary. Fast facts: What is the current situation in Venezuela? Oil revenues declined, heightening unemployment and inflation, and once more forcing the country into foreign debt. However, the people of Venezuela, fearing widespread price increases and astronomical inflation, mobbed imported electronics stores. Elsewhere, strict currency controls meant that Venezuelans who travel abroad were only allowed a rationing of $2,500 in credit card and $500 cash per year to spend outside the country, leaving some feeling trapped within their own borders; and car showrooms were (and continue to be) virtually empty. McClathy DC Bureau. He regained power two days later, but this only intensified the conflict. In the late 1970s, the growing international recession and oil glut began to shake Venezuela’s economy to the core. The country returned to democratic rule and Rómulo Betancourt was elected president. Austerity measures introduced in 1989 by Pérez Jiménez (elected for the second time) triggered a wave of protests, culminating in the loss of more than 300 lives in three days of bloody riots known as “El Caracazo.” Further austerity measures sparked protests that often escalated into riots. However, in the Andean region of western Venezuela, complex Andean civilization of the Timoto-Cuica people flourished before European contact. Latin Post, 2015. Venezuela’s diverse topography includes the rugged Andes Mountains, parts of the Amazon Jungle, a diverse selection of National Parks, and an almost perfect Caribbean coastline. "Catatumbo: Venezuela's Everlasting Lightning Storm." Human habitation of Venezuela is estimated to have commenced at least 15,000 years ago, from which period leaf-shaped flake tools, together with chopping and plano-convex scraping implements, have been found exposed on the high riverine terraces of the Rio Pedregal in western Venezuela. The country comprises a continental mainland and numerous islands in the Caribbean Sea. In 2016, McDonald's was forced to stop selling Big Macs in Venezuela due to the country's economic downturn. Business Insider, March 31, 2013. Venezuela is organized as a federal presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capital District (covering the capital city of Caracas), and Federal Dependencies (covering Venezuela's offshore islands). Map of Venezuela. Once in control, he smashed the opposition and plowed oil money into public works and built up Caracas. The country has a diverse and complex culture that is influenced by the cultures of a large number of ethnic groups living in the country. The introduction of a package of new decree laws in 2001 was met with angry protests, and was followed by a massive and violent strike in April 2002. Venezuela Overview - Overview - Customs and Culture - Diet and Recipes - Language - Religion - Students Life - Interesting Facts People Government - Politics Geography Economy News - Weather History Photos - Video Travel En Español Sources United States Edition "McDonald's Has Stopped Selling Big Macs in Venezuela." VENEZUELA History and Culture .  The first country in the world to abolish the death penalty for all crimes was Venezuela, in 1863. There are only two seasons in Venezuela: the dry season (December to April) and the rainy season (May to October). In 1811, the country became one of the first Spanish-American colonies to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was included as a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia. Some popularity surveys, including one by the group known as Datanálisis, showed that Chávez’s approval rating in 2011 had fell to 46% – the first drop below 50% since 2004. In 1914, Venezuela opened its first oil well. In 1830, Venezuela become an independent country with Caracas as its capital. Venezuela also claims all Guyanese territory west of the Essequibo River, a 61,583 square mile tract dubbed Guayana Esequiba or the Zona en Reclamación (the "zone being reclaimed"). As in most oil-rich-states, almost none of the oil wealth made its way to the common citizens. One of the exceptions to this situation is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, which h… Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Venezuela facts: 1. Interesting Facts About Venezuela – History and General Facts. Venezuela is going through one of the worst political and economic crises in modern history. In addition to the two constitution-making processes that occurred when Venezuela became independent in 1811 and when it emerged as a separate country from Gran Colombia in 1830, Venezuela has had many other constitution making processes which were carried out in 1858, 1863, 1893, 1901, 1914, 1946, 1953, and 1961. "Venezuela's Giant Rodent Cuisine." He superficially modernized the country but the mushrooming development did not heal the country’s economic and social disparities, nor did it quell the bitter resentment that lingered from the coup. "The Mystery of the Deadly Black Blob." Accessed: March 28, 2018. Accessed: March 26, 2018. Four months later in Angostura (present-day Ciudad Bolívar), the Angostura Congress proclaimed Gran Colombia (Great Colombia), a new state unifying what are now the sovereign countries of Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador (though the last two were still under Spanish rule). July 5, 1811 - Venezuela declares its independence from Spain, leading to more than ten years of war for independence. "The Top 10 Most Biodiverse Countries." A tranquil bay was described as "Little Venice" or "Venezuela" and the name stuck. These numbers seemed to indicate that the controversial leader was running out of gas. To mark its annual Flag Day (August 3), the date when the country's tricolor was first flown over Venezuelan soil, here are a few interesting facts. Facts about Venezuela which is home to the largest lake in South America - Lake Maracaibo. Emerald seas, exotic adventure, and a rich tapestry of history, Brazil has it all. Venezuela has 23 states, one Capital District (containing Caracas), and one federal dependency that includes 72 islands. Approximately 96% of Venezuelans are Catholic, 2% are Protestant, and 2% belong to other religions. Accessed: March 28, 2018. "Penis Enlargement Scene Biggest In Germany, but Does Plastic Surgery Really Work?" The Palacio de Miraflores, the presidential palace, was bombed and partially destroyed. Accessed: March 27, 2018. Venezuela as a nation has a very interesting history, producing notable Latin Americans such as … 5Cawthorne, Andrew. 11Holodny, Elena. Accessed: March 27, 2018. Venezuela’s social and political ills have been compounded by natural disasters such as the floods that devastated sections of Caracas, La Guaira, and other coastal areas in late 1999. 18Pestano, Andrew. On the other hand, the republic since 1958 … Venezuela achieved full independence as a separate country in 1830. Venezuela, like many Latin American countries, has a high percentage of urban poverty, a massive foreign debt, and widespread governmental patronage and corruption. Washington Post. Portrait of Juan Vicente BolívarThe Napoleonic Wars had just ended in Europe, and Bolívar’s agent in London was able to raise money and arms, and recruit a small number of British Legion veterans of the Peninsular War. In 1914, Venezuela opened its first oil well. As of November 2013, Venezuela's inflation had increased to 54%. "Mapped: The World's Most Eco-Friendly Countries – Where Does the UK Rank?" During the 1840s, Venezuela raised the question of its eastern border with British Guiana (present-day Guyana); claiming for its own as much as two-thirds of Guiana, up to the Río Esequibo. The multicultural and geographically diverse South American country of Venezuela shares its northern shoreline with the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, drawing vacationers with its beauty annually. Venezuela was named by Europeans during the 1499 Alonzo de Hojeda expedition. During the prescribed term of President Rafael Caldera (1969–74), the steady stream of oil money flowed into the country’s coffers keeping the economy buoyant. By the 17th century the Caracas region was exporting cacao to Mexico, where most of the market for that product was then located, enabling… A chronology of key events in the history of Venezuela from Columbus and the Spanish colonial period to the present day. Accessed: March 26, 2018. Their search resulted in the rapid colonization of the land, though El Dorado was naturally never found. Fast facts: Venezuela crisis Years of economic and political instability in Venezuela have caused the largest population outflow in Latin America in recent years, according to the United Nations migration organization. Venezuela was a part of a country called Gran Colombia until 1829. Venezuela, officially known as the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a South American country that has over 31 million people, stunning scenery and nice tropical weather that makes swimming in the Caribbean Sea a year-round activity for many Venezuelans and tourists. Alonso de Ojeda sailed further west along the coast and briefly explored parts of what is now the country of Colombia. The history of Caracas is defined by the rapid change in Venezuela's economy, after it went from being predominantly a country of farming, to one based around the 'black gold' - oil. After Hurricane Katrina, Venezuela was one of the first countries to offer assistance to the United States. It wasn’t totally laissez-faire, of cou… By the 18th century, Africans had surpassed the indigenous population in terms of number. Today, Maduro continues to serve as the president of Venezuela. Despite contributing to Venezuela’s deep oil pockets and an improved life for the poor, Chávez’s popularity started to wane. The court oversees civil, criminal, and political cases. Mongabay. 20Sigler, Luis. July 20, 2016. The year 1830, when Venezuela achieved its full independence as a separate country, marked the beginning of the era of “indistinguishable petty tyrants.” The post-independence period in Venezuela was marked by serious governmental problems that continued for more than a century. In this lesson, you will learn fascinating facts about the history of Venezuela. Although Venezuela was seen as the least important of Gran Colombia’s three provinces, the country bore the brunt of the fighting. Accessed: March 28, 2018. Chávez won again with the Organization of American States and the Carter Center certifying the results. The Venezuelan Orinoco crocodile is the most endangered reptile in the world. "In Venezuela, Hungry Child Gangs Use Machetes to Fight for 'Quality’ Garbage." Chávez wrote Rosales off as a lackey for the United States and refused to debate him on TV. By Tim Lambert. On some days, it's possible to feel the spray of the falls from over a mile away, A fully grown capybara can reach 4 feet long and weigh 140 pounds, Venezuela is the most electric place on the planet. The geography and wildlife is very diverse, including a tropical climate and rainforests with unique animals like the tapir. Miami Herald, March 27, 2018. The oil wells were privately owned, and in many cases were owned by private international companies that operated in Venezuela. At $0.02 cents per gallon, gas is practically free in Venezuela. It houses a population of around 31,689,176 individuals. Sounds great, right? Despite the ruling, Venezuela maintains its claim to this day. In February 2013, Venezuela devalued its currency due to the rising shortages in the country. North American immigrants who came to work in the 1930’s oil industry helped popularize it in the 20th century.44. The country's formal name is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Oil began being exported out of Venezuela in the early 20 th The nation’s oil boom is reported to have begun in 1927. Venezuela’s economic fortunes have been tethered to the price of oil for most of the country’s modern history, a dependency that only worsened after a … The history of venezuela begins around 1522, when Venezuela was first colonized by Spain, and then later became the first Spanish American colony to declare independence in 1811.During the 19th century, Venezuela went through a period of political drama, and was dominated by military strongmen up until the 20th century. In ancient times, Venezuela was paradise for the Indians who lived on its beaches, in its tropical forests, and on the gentle grassland of the llanos. In 2013, Venezuelan prison inmates at the so-called "Yacht Club" prison managed to open their own nightclub, complete with strippers and a light and sound show. Early Venezuela. The earliest Venezuelan town that is still in existence, Cumaná, on the northeast coast, dates back to 1521 and is an enjoyable place to visit, even though earthquakes ruined much of the early Spanish colonial architecture. A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former career officer Hugo Chávez and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution, beginning with a 1999 Constituent Assembly to write a new Constitution of Venezuela. For centuries the indigenous peoples of Venezuela lived by farming but also by hunting and fishing. History of Venezuela Timeline Timeline Description: Venezuela, situated on the northern coast of South America, supports a wide range of extreme habitats including the Andes mountain range, the Amazon Basin rainforest, the Los Llanos grassland plains, the Orinoco Delta … The first of the caudillos was General José Antonio Páez, who controlled the country for 18 long years (1830–48). A SHORT HISTORY OF VENEZUELA. The first, in February of that year, was led by paratrooper Colonel Hugo Chávez. Once a stable democracy and economic powerhouse, Venezuela is … South American nations are steeped in a rich history of people and civilization, dating back thousands of years. Since then, all changes of president have been by constitutional means, although the last decade has seen a few hiccups. Its members are nominated by a civil commission and appointed to 12-year terms by the National Assembly. President: Nicolás Maduro (2013) Land area: 340,560 sq mi (882,050 sq km); total area: 352,144 sq mi (912,050 sq km) Population (2014 est. Venezuela is a South American country with a war-torn history. Pearl harvesting provided a livelihood for the settlers, and the town developed into a busy port until an earthquake and tidal wave destroyed it in 1541. Chávez’ closest challenger, Manuel Rosales, accused the president of providing impractical political favors and aid to other countries while poverty and crime increased at home, and also challenged Chávez’ government-approved land takeovers (for redistribution to the landless) and the military build-up for a hypothetical U.S. invasion. 8Fiscal Times. Venezuela History, Language and Culture History of Venezuela. These top 10 facts about poverty in Venezuela aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of the crisis in Venezuela and how it affects everything from inflation, to food and medicine. The inevitable coup took place only eight months after Gallegos’ election, with Colonel Marcos Pérez Jiménez emerging as the leader. Since the discovery of oil in the early 20th century, Venezuela has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil and has the largest oil reserves in South America. Learn about Argentina's rich culture and history, from the Tango to the first use of crime-solving fingerprinting with these interesting Argentina facts. Even though Venezuela has the largest proven oil reserve in the world, about 30% of Venezuelans live in poverty. It houses a population of around 31,689,176 individuals. 7Erickson, Amanda. In January of 2010, Chávez announced a sharp devaluation of the currency known as the bolívar fuerte—the first since 2005—thus creating a two-tier official exchange rate in Venezuela, a move designed to boost revenue from oil exports and limit unnecessary imports. The overwhelming majority of Venezuelans continued to subsist in poverty with little or no educational or health facilities, let alone reasonable housing. Chavez was indeed reelected in 2012, and while he did begin his fourth term on January 10, 2013, he eventually succumbed to his illness and died less than 2 months later on March 5, 2013. 6Devereux, Charles. They called the land “Venezuela,” literally “Little Venice,” perhaps as a sarcastic sailor joke, as these rustic reed dwellings didn’t exactly match the opulent palaces of the Italian city they knew. In 1975 Pérez nationalized the iron-ore and oil industries and went on a spending spree; imported luxury goods were in large supply in the country’s crammed shops and the nation got the impression that the mythical riches of El Dorado had finally materialized. Venezuela crisis timeline; Fast facts: Venezuela crisis. "Huffington Post, December 6, 2017. The population of Venezuela is 28.9 million, while its capital city of Caracas is home to 1.9 million people. He saw local aborigines wearing gold adornments and was astonished by their wealth. "Venezuela Bans “Family Guy” — but “Baywatch” Is OK (VIDEO). The air battle over Caracas, with war planes flying between skyscrapers, gave the coup a cinematic, if not apocalyptic, dimension. Venezuela Facts for Kids. In 1945 civilian politicians and the military join forces to overthrow the government. A year after Columbus’ discovery, the Spanish explorer Alonso de Ojeda, accompanied by the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci, sailed up to the Península de la Guajira, at the western end of present-day Venezuela. Leftist president Hugo Chavez took office in 1999, pledging political and economic reforms to give the poor a greater share of the country's oil wealth. Pérez Jiménez was overthrown in 1958 by an alliance of civilians and navy and air-force officers. Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993. The Spanish established their first settlement on Venezuelan soil around 1500, at Nueva Cádiz, on the small island of Cubagua, just south of Isla de Margarita. The history of Venezuela reflects events in areas of the Americas colonized by Spain starting 1522; amid resistance from indigenous peoples, led by Native caciques, such as Guaicaipuro and Tamanaco. Accessed: March 26, 2018. 16Ordoñez, Franco. Accessed: March 24, 2018. Slovenia (53.6%) and Monaco (53.4%) round out the top three. Its capital city, Caracas, has the highest murder rate of any major city in the world. Attracted by these supposed riches, the shores of Venezuela and Colombia became the target of a number of Spanish expeditions, an obsession with El Dorado driving them into the interior. Venezuela was controlled by Spain beginning in 1522. Blanco launched a broad program of reform, including a new constitution, and assured some temporary stability, but his despotic rule triggered wide, popular opposition, and when he stepped down the country plunged again into a bloody civil war. Presidents to lead the country ’ s most popular sport.45 private international that... 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